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Citation Styles

Guide for APA, Chicago, MLA citation styles and more.

Basic Formatting

For specific details and examples on citing sources within a paper and on creating a Works Cited page, mouseover the "MLA Style" tab above and choose the appropriate subpage.

Signal phrases introduce information taken from a source (quotation, summary, paraphrase of fact), usually includes author’s name

Parenthetical references come after cited material, often at the end of the sentence. It includes at least a page number, except for unpaginated sources like web pages.

When authors’ names are mentioned in the body of the paper, use only page numbers in the parenthetical reference.

Fredrick Labe reports that employers can “use a hidden video camera pointed at an employee’s monitor” (129).

If signal phrase does not name the author, put their last name in parentheses along with page number. Use no punctuation between name and page number.

Companies can monitor employee’s every keystroke without legal penalty (Lane 129).

In-text citations for electronic sources

 The citation must reference the sources in your Works Cited. Include in the text the first item that appears in Work Cited entry that corresponds with the citation (e.g. author’s name, article name or website name). 

For more information, please consult the Tutoring and Writing Center's guide to Integrating Source Material in MLA Format.