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CMC 200 Lab: Day 6: Credit Where Credit's Due

Words of Wisdom


"Many useful and valuable books lie buried in shops and libraries, unknown and unexamined, unless some lucky compiler opens them by chance, and finds an easy spoil of wit and learning."

Samuel Johnson

Copyright/Public Domain

The 1976 Copyright Act grants the "fair use" of copyrighted materials for a variety of purposes, for the creation of new works, for educational use, and for personal use.  The ultimate test for educational fair use is whether the copying is done for sound pedagogical reasons and not simply to avoid purchasing a work.These ideas, and the fair use principles stated below, are derived from the Fair Use Statute, 17 U.S.C. §107. There are four nonexclusive statutory factors--all directed to the marketing of works-- to use in determining whether a use is fair. They are:

  • The purpose of the use, including whether such use is for commercial or for non- profit educational purposes. (Commercial purpose implies a use of the copyright; educational purpose, a use of the work.)
  • The nature of the work. (This requires a determination of whether the work is a creative work, a compilation, or a derivative work.)
  • The amount used in relation to the work as a whole. (The amount of the work used is a major factor in determining whether the use is merely a use of the work or a use of the copyright; the greater the amount used, the more likely the use will be a use of the copyright.)
  • The effect of the use on the market or potential market for the work. (The greater the market effect, the less the likelihood that the use will be fair.)

Permission was granted to Rollins College by the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia and Carnegie Mellon University for use of the documents upon which this adaptation was based.

APA 7th Edition Citation Style

Publication Manual for the American Psychological Association, 7th Edition

Subject Guide

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Jonathan Harwell
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